Blog – Copyright Clearance Center http://www.copyright.com Rights Licensing Expert Wed, 18 Oct 2017 18:19:30 +0000 en-US hourly 1 http://www.copyright.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/05/cropped-ccc-favicon-32x32.png Blog – Copyright Clearance Center http://www.copyright.com 32 32 5 Ways to Apply Semantic Search Across Your Organization http://www.copyright.com/blog/5-ways-apply-semantic-search-across-organization/ http://www.copyright.com/blog/5-ways-apply-semantic-search-across-organization/#respond Tue, 17 Oct 2017 07:04:46 +0000 http://www.copyright.com/?post_type=blog_post&p=14450 Semantic search can have an immediate impact across your organization. Here are five common use cases.

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Information managers must balance the needs of multiple internal constituencies to support information discovery. In R&D-intensive industries such as the life sciences and chemical manufacturing, semantic search can help – delivering value by giving us the ability to turn content into insight.

Semantic enrichment is the enhancement of content with information about its meaning, thereby adding structure to unstructured content. Semantic search builds on enriched content by matching the user’s query intent – not just the keywords they provide – to the relevant content, helping them quickly discover what they need.

The following illustrates how semantic search can have an immediate impact on five common use cases in life sciences and R&D organizations:

Early Phase Research

Researchers can discover interesting potential biomarkers and drug targets they hadn’t known to look for in advance. These initial results can be linked to supporting source content for further review prior to wet lab.

Competitive Intelligence

Competitor patent filings, often intended to hinder discovery, can be explored alongside non-patent literature (NPL) to provide a full picture of competitor strategy, claims, and prior art for patent landscaping or other purposes.

Pharmacovigilance

Literature monitoring for pharmacovigilance can become both more comprehensive and more precise through semantic searches that suggest links between adverse events and pharmacological substances, increasing the efficiency of these vital monitoring workflows.

Read more: Why Text Mining for Pharmacovigliance?

IDMP (Identification of Medicinal Products) Compliance

IDMP initiatives directed by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and European Medicines Agency (EMA) aim to standardize how information can be expressed about pharmacological products. Semantically enriched internal and external content can provide a fuller view of medicinal product attributes, supporting IDMP compliance.

Discovery of Chemical Compounds

Researchers can take advantage of well-established chemical ontologies to conduct more efficient semantic search for chemicals, more easily identifying relevant chemical compounds their properties and relationships.

Use Semantic Search to Uncover Scientific Meaning

R&D and information managers routinely use keyword search to find information they need. While keyword search may satisfy the basic needs of researchers there are limitations that can affect productivity and slow the pace of discovery.

Learn here how semantic search can provide you with more comprehensive and relevant search results.

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Copyright: A Worldwide Audience Is Watching http://www.copyright.com/blog/copyright-worldwide-audience-watching/ http://www.copyright.com/blog/copyright-worldwide-audience-watching/#respond Thu, 12 Oct 2017 08:00:51 +0000 http://www.copyright.com/?post_type=blog_post&p=14416 In quite a short time, copyright has come to be seen by many as an inhibitor to creativity and innovation instead of the enabler and protector it once was.

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When did copyright become such a hot topic?

For most of my career in publishing, it was talked about rarely. When it was discussed, it seemed to be the preoccupation of lawyers and academics. Senior leaders in publishing didn’t have to think about it much, if at all. It was one of those essential foundation stones on which the industry stood: safe, secure, dependable.

Wherever you look—India, Germany, Belgium, or Brazil—you can find evidence of judicial decisions profoundly hostile to the interests of content creators…

Those comfortable days are long behind us. The foundation has been shaking for several years and continues to do so. Everyone knows why. A global, ubiquitous content network has facilitated sharing to a degree unimaginable previously. The “content demands to be free” mantra has powerful supporters in Big Tech companies and some governments. Licensing, critics say, is cumbersome and inefficient.

In quite a short time, copyright has come to be seen by many outside our industry as an inhibitor to creativity and innovation instead of the enabler and protector it once was.

It’s true to say that the consequent disruption to our industry has been felt more intensely in some countries than others.  Canada stands out in this regard.

The Canadian Crisis

The late actor and comedian Robin Williams famously likened Canada to “a loft apartment over a really great party”. The implication was obvious. All the action was in the U.S., while Canada was a place where very little happened. In the world of copyright, nothing could be further from the truth. For the past several years, Canada has been the front line in the world’s “copyright wars”, a place of seemingly endless and very public confrontation.

How did this happen? How did Canada become such a battleground, a place where rightsholders and educators have fought so bitterly, and the focus for so many other countries considering the future of copyright? The starting point for most people was The Copyright Modernization Act, a piece of legislation introduced by the Canadian government in 2012 and widely interpreted by educators as allowing them to use copyrighted content without seeking permission from, or paying, the rightsholders.

Publishers and authors cried foul immediately. The legislation, and a series of subsequent judgments from the Supreme Court of Canada, were seen as devastating to rightsholders’ business interests and very damaging to Canada’s wider cultural industries. Some publishing companies closed down entirely. Others reduced their output or diverted resources away from educational titles. Some US publishers pulled back, shuttering their Canadian operations. They, along with many commentators, complained that the pendulum had swung too far, that the essential and delicate balance between incentivizing and rewarding rightsholders on the one hand, and making content accessible and affordable for Canada’s teachers and students on the other, had been broken. Estimates of the loss to rightsholders have been put as high as $50 million per year.

Five years later and the battles are still raging on many fronts. Earlier this month, the Reproduction Rights Organization in French-speaking Canada, Copibec, publicized its class action lawsuit against Université Laval, alleging that the university “infringed the patrimonial and moral rights recognized under the Copyright Act by reproducing copyrighted literary, dramatic and artistic works, making them available and communicating them to the public without permission from the copyright owners or their representatives, by failing to identify the creators of the work and by infringing the integrity of the work.” The class action, authorized by The Québec Court of Appeal in February, was filed on behalf of “all authors and publishers from Québec, the rest of Canada, and other countries”.

Copibec’s equivalent in Anglophone Canada, Access Copyright, has had its own battles going back several years. In July 2017, it had a much-needed boost to its efforts to roll back what it sees as the anti-copyright tide when a federal court ruled in its favor in an ongoing dispute with York University. That case has focused essentially on whether the copying policies implemented by the university are fair and whether the university can decide unilaterally to withdraw from the per-student tariff scheme administered by the RRO. In his decision, Judge Michael L. Phelan sided with Access Copyright on both issues, concluding that the tariffs are mandatory and that the university’s “fair dealing guidelines are not fair in either their terms or their application”.

York University has announced that it intends to appeal the ruling, and it’s reasonable to assume that it will take months or even years for this case, as well as the Copibec one, to be resolved.

Whatever the outcomes, these and other related developments in Canada will be watched very closely by the country’s authors, publishers, and educators. But the significance of what happens in Canada extends far beyond its borders.  That’s why a worldwide audience is watching what happens next.

Leadership and Commitment

Canada’s 2012 legislation has to some extent been the basis of proposals for new copyright laws in other countries, notably South Africa and Australia, provoking fears among many rights holders that anti-copyright sentiments—what they call “the Canadian flu”—might be infecting other jurisdictions.

In Australia, rights holders and their representatives have been fighting proposals set out by the country’s productivity commission to introduce a US-style fair-use exception into its copyright law. Publishers, authors, and other creators were relieved by the news last month that the Australian government had merely taken note of the recommendation and would begin a new round of public consultation on copyright exceptions in 2018.  The very high-profile campaign mounted in Australia by its creative industries may have dodged the bullet on this occasion, but no one there is complacent about the final outcome.

Wherever you look—India, Germany, Belgium, or Brazil—you can find evidence of judicial decisions profoundly hostile to the interests of content creators; decisions that offer no protection against systematic and unremunerated copying of educational and scholarly content; decisions that refuse to recognize publishers as legitimate rights holders for the purposes of receiving monies from copying levies; decisions that have the effect of widening the exceptions to and limitations on copyright.

The news is by no means all bad for our industry, but there are more than enough discouraging signs for publishers and authors.

The good news is that we are more alert to the problems than ever before.  Awareness has increased and so has effective action.

Individual companies and trade associations have stood up, shown real leadership, and fought for their own and the wider industry’s interests, committing significant time and money in the process.

That leadership and commitment deserves to be acknowledged and applauded.  But there’s so much more that needs to be done.

A version of this post originally appeared in Publishing Perspectives.

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Join CCC at 2017 ACC Annual Meeting http://www.copyright.com/blog/join-ccc-2017-acc-annual-meeting/ http://www.copyright.com/blog/join-ccc-2017-acc-annual-meeting/#respond Wed, 11 Oct 2017 08:00:34 +0000 http://www.copyright.com/?post_type=blog_post&p=14441 Join CCC and the world’s largest gathering of in-house counsel at the 2017 Association of Corporate Counsel (ACC) Annual Meeting… Read more

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Join CCC and the world’s largest gathering of in-house counsel at the 2017 Association of Corporate Counsel (ACC) Annual Meeting and take your copyright knowledge further.

At the 2017 ACC Annual Meeting this 15-17 October in Washington D.C., legal counsel can stay current on the latest developments in the law that may affect their organizations, and pursue continuing legal education.  Part of that education should always include copyright and corporate policies regarding compliance.

While there are over 100 worthy sessions to choose from, CCC’s top pick regarding copyright in the workplace is:

Hot Topics in Copyright Law – Tuesday, 17 Oct (2:30-4:00pm)

Presented by the ACC Intellectual Property Committee

This session will provide a review and analysis of major recent cases and trends in copyright law, with particular emphasis on how they impact in-house practice. Panelists will address recent developments in copyright law and enforcement challenges, including a review of fair use and public domain, trends in licensing and distribution, terminating grants, enforcement of copyrights online and across platforms, and fighting copyright trolls.

And while not specifically designed around copyright, here are some other sessions to consider attending which may be relevant to your practice on behalf of your company:

Technology and IP License agreements – Tuesday, 17 Oct (9-10:30am)

Presented by the ACC Intellectual Property Committee

This session will host a discussion of the best practices and recent developments in IP and technology licensing, with a focus on how to draft and structure licenses. Topics addressed will include the licensing of technology versus IP (i.e., patents and copyright); trademark licensing to channel and distribution partners and resellers; and the licensing of content and customer/user data. Panelists will discuss legal defaults and key international jurisdictional differences. The discussion will review sample clauses, identify potential pitfalls that licenses can contain, and provide practical advice to avoid unintended consequences and safeguard clients from risk.

ACC Regulator Session: Corporate Compliance and Enforcement – Sponsored by Bloomberg Law – Wednesday, 18 Oct (9-10:30am)

Presented in cooperation with Baker & McKenzie LLP

Senior staff from the Department of Justice will discuss the current state of corporate compliance and enforcement with in-house and outside counsel panelists. Topics will include recent prosecutions, top enforcement priorities, and where the agency is looking to in the future.

Business Education for In-house Counsel: Leading in Turbulent Times

  • Part I: Wednesday, 18 Oct (9-10:30am)
  • Part II: Wednesday, 18 Oct (11:00am-12:30pm)

Presented by the Association of Corporate Counsel

We live in a time where everything and everyone is connected. Ever-changing technology, the speed of communication, eroding boundaries, and political and socioeconomic realities are driving the need for change and transformation everywhere. To ascend the ranks, in-house counsel must be prepared to anticipate and drive constant change and transformation, and set appropriate strategies and action plans that will propel their organization forward. This two-part session will explore the changing business environment, the leadership capabilities required to survive, improve performance, and remain relevant, and the skills necessary to drive your organization’s success.

Test Your Copyright IQ with CCC at Booth #218

Do you know your copyright IQ?  Be sure to visit CCC at Booth #218 to find out.  Attendees can stop by our booth to:

  • Test your knowledge of copyright, CCC, and more at our daily trivia game and receive a Bluetooth speaker.
  • Enter to win one of two copyright education sessions onsite at your business courtesy of CCC and let our team of trained professionals guide you through the complex world of copyright (minimum $2500 value).
  • Receive 10% off a future OnCopyright Education Certificate Program.

Can’t make it to D.C.? Stay up to date and join in the conversation on Twitter, using the hashtag #ACCAM17

View a complete 2017 ACC program schedule and other conference information here.

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The Boundaries of Fair Use: The KinderGuides Case http://www.copyright.com/blog/boundaries-fair-use-kinderguides-case/ http://www.copyright.com/blog/boundaries-fair-use-kinderguides-case/#respond Wed, 11 Oct 2017 08:00:22 +0000 http://www.copyright.com/?post_type=blog_post&p=14428 Recent court case: KinderGuides condensed and simplified classic American novels - without the rightsholders' permission.

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It’s been a few weeks now, but publishers and authors are probably still celebrating their decisive victory in Penguin Random House v. Colting (aka the KinderGuides case). In holding that the KinderGuides books published by defendants Colting and Medina were infringing, the court decision establishes clear and reasonable boundaries between the exclusive rights Congress secured to creators and the ability of others to comment on and build on copyrighted works.

The case began earlier this year when Penguin Random House filed a lawsuit against the publishers of KinderGuides. KinderGuides is a series of children’s books presenting “a condensed, simplified version” of classic American novels, such as The Old Man and the SeaOn the Road, Breakfast at Tiffany’s, and 2001: A Space Odyssey. The estates of renowned authors and publishers were also plaintiffs in the suit, including the estates of Jack Kerouac, Ernest Hemingway, and Truman Capote.

The defendants argued that their condensing and simplifying of copyrighted classic American novels was permitted under the copyright law as a transformative use under the first factor of the fair use test. Judge Rakoff of the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York ruled in favor of the estates and book publishers, holding that the series of children’s books “infringe[d] upon plaintiffs’ exclusive right to reproduce their novels … and [their] exclusive right to exploit the market for derivative works based on their novels.” In reaching his decision, Judge Rakoff explained that “tacking on” a few pages of analysis is not enough to establish a transformative purpose. To hold otherwise would allow the transformative use fair use exception to swallow whole a copyright owner’s exclusive right to control the making of derivative works.

In upholding the limitations of fair use by clearly articulating the distinction between a “transformation” and a derivative work, the Judge reasoned “[t]he doctrine of fair use furthers [the goals of copyright] by permitting others to use existing works in ways that their owners would not ordinarily use them,” but “what fair use law does not protect is the right of others to produce works that [creators] might choose to produce themselves.”

Judge Rakoff goes on to explain that “Congress did not provide a use-it-or-lose-it mechanism for copyright protection. Instead, Congress granted a package of rights to copyright holders, including the exclusive right to exploit derivative works, regardless of whether copyright holders ever intend to exploit those rights.”

In a world where it seems like almost every day, there is another person or company claiming to have “transformed” a creative work, when in reality all they’ve done is repackage its content, this decision is incredibly important not only to the publishing community but also to the entire copyright community. For years, the copyright law has been thrown off-balance due to an undue broadening of the fair use exception and the transformative use doctrine. Hopefully, the “KinderGuides” opinion will serve as a guidepost as other judges are confronted with similar cases in the future, so that we can once again achieve balance in our copyright system.

For additional blogs by Keith and the Copyright Alliance, please click here.

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VidAngel: Devil or Angel? http://www.copyright.com/blog/vidangel-sneaky-devil-or-fallen-angel/ http://www.copyright.com/blog/vidangel-sneaky-devil-or-fallen-angel/#respond Tue, 10 Oct 2017 15:32:09 +0000 http://www.copyright.com/?post_type=blog_post&p=14399 Can a company edit a feature film into something new and sell it for financial gain?

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Can a company edit a feature film into something new and sell it for financial gain?

On August 24, the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals left standing a lower court’s order barring the Utah-based company VidAngel from providing its customers with “filtered” versions of feature films. (Deseret News of Salt Lake City has covered this story extensively.) The filtering technology lets viewers remove potentially objectionable content, such as depictions of sex, violence, and strong language.

Is Goodfellas without the swearing and violence still Goodfellas?

Simply speaking, some movie viewers would rather have less of one aspect or another – e.g. less sex, less profanity, less violence – in the movies they opt to watch. Back in 2005, Congress helped these folks out through the Family Entertainment and Copyright Act, and its companion, the 2005 Family Movie Act (FMA). This narrowly-written provision allows for the development of ‘skipping ahead ‘ and on-the-fly functionality for DVDs played in the home. This legislation arose out of legal questions concerning a company and technology known as ClearPlay, which enables content filtering through in-line hardware devices, layered between the DVD and the video display.

It’s important to understand that VidAngel’s current issues do not arise out of a vacuum.

VidAngel meets Deadpool

As recently as 2015, VidAngel simply ripped DVDs without licensing for commercial reuse, and provided their own filtered version of the films. (This implicated the First Sale Doctrine of copyright in an interesting way, but since this version of the service has been shuttered, it is now a moot point.) This procedure did not pass legal muster, and now VidAngel provides its filtered versions through a streaming technology, like Netflix or Amazon accounts. The legitimacy of this procedure is also disputed, and one could argue that the continued efforts of VidAngel are simply explained as “looking for loopholes” in the memorable phrasing often attributed to W.C. Fields.

Example: 20th Century Fox Films and Marvel Entertainment (a subsidiary of The Walt Disney company) were the studios responsible for 2016’s Deadpool, an R-rated superhero-genre film featuring an eponymous main character, i.e., a back-talking, vulgar mercenary assassin. The theatrical release included lots of violence, and a modicum of steamy scenes.(Common Sense Media: “All of that said, the story does ultimately promote teamwork, collaboration, and love.”)

The studio and the production company worked hard across several years to hit just the balance they sought between a bland, sanitized version of the character – which would surely disappoint fans – and one that went over-the-top with lewdness. But while the popularity of the film is evidence that Marvel and Fox found that balance, there is presumably a category of pre-teens who would also wish to view it, if only their parents would let them. If a filtered version were available, likely it would find an audience. But, should that audience be gained at the cost of the integrity of the film itself? Putting it another way, is Goodfellas without the swearing and violence still Goodfellas?

Filtering and the Film Industry

This ‘filtering’ process – another word for cutting or suppressing a movie’s content – is considered controversial, or even unacceptable by many studios and directors. ‘Filtering’ isn’t new – the literary word for this action is “Bowdlerizing,” a 19th-century process in which an author’s text was cut or emended by others to suit the presumed tastes of a pre-Victorian audience. (Thomas and Henrietta Bowdler published “The Family Shakespeare,” in 1807, making such substitutions as “Out crimson spot!” for Shakespear’s original, “Out, damned spot!” That stuff apparently got the audiences of Jane Austen’s time all worked up.) As it turns out, for decades many major studios have made “clean versions” available for showing during air travel, or over broadcast television, their rationale being that the potential sensitivities of the “passenger in the next seat” ought to be given some consideration. In the domain of recorded music, this is known as the “radio edit.”

So, is there a clear difference between content-filtering ClearPlay technology and VidAngel’s services? ClearPlay has been operating for more than a decade without much hindrance, while VidAngel just lost a round at the appeals court in the Ninth Circuit and has had to again adjust their technology and business model.

Essentially, courts have found that while ClearPlay “colors within the lines” of the FMA, creating no new copies of the films it filters, VidAngel continues to violate one or more sections of Title 17 (the U.S. copyright act), including sections of the DMCA,and therefore it doesn’t qualify for FMA exceptions. (The DMCA, which became law in 1998, is that part of Title 17 dealing with issues such as anti-circumvention and certain exemptions for internet service providers. Jim Burger and Mark Sableman, of Thomson Coburn LLP, have provided an excellent overview of the issue from their perspective.) In June, Senator Orrin Hatch of Utah wrote to the studio’s trade association, the Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA), suggesting that if an industry solution is not in the works, a legislative patch to the FMA, one which explicitly authorizes such filtering in the context of streaming, is a possibility he might ask Congress to consider. (Variety, June 21, 2017.)

The lingering question is: Is this legal?

As of August 31, 2017, VidAngel made motions requesting that courts in Utah and California provide rulings that their streaming and filtering approach is presumptively legitimate. On the side of the angels, one might say.

We’ll see. Assuming these issues can be successfully resolved, good luck to them.

View some of my commentary on other copyright issues here:

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Frankfurt Book Fair 2017: A Look Ahead http://www.copyright.com/blog/frankfurt-book-fair-2017-look-ahead/ http://www.copyright.com/blog/frankfurt-book-fair-2017-look-ahead/#respond Thu, 05 Oct 2017 08:00:40 +0000 http://www.copyright.com/?post_type=blog_post&p=14363 CCC’s Director of International Relations has a few recommendations for can’t-miss events if you’re going to #FBM17.

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With Frankfurt Book Fair 2017 only a week away, CCC’s Michael Healy, Executive Director of International Relations, has a few recommendations for can’t-miss events that you should mark on your calendar if you’re going to the Fair:

  • Frankfurt Rights MeetingThis has been a “must attend” event for senior rights professionals for 30+ years. The program is always fascinating and the networking excellent. Looking forward especially to the sessions on Japan this year.
  • The MarketsThe Markets is always a great, concentrated opportunity to learn about what’s happening in particular key markets and some lesser-known ones. UK, India and Malaysia feature this year. The panel discussion on women in publishing, featuring CCC’s President and CEO Tracey Armstrong, looks like one not to be missed!
  • Knowledge Engineering: The new business value accelerator in the digital transformation journeyIf you’re a publisher interested in extending the value of your content, this session on knowledge engineering should be essential. Learn how data analysis can drive content discovery for your business with CCC’s CTO Babis Marmanis and Carl Robinson, senior publishing consultant at Ixxus.
  • Towards a copyright manifesto for international publishingCopyright is a hot topic right now and no longer just for lawyers and academics. This session features insights from those on the front line of the copyright wars, including me!
  • Open Access Master Class: University APCs: Publishers and institutional leadership require a solution for the inefficiency of Article Publication Charges (APCs). Join Maurits van der Graaf of Pleiade Management and Consultancy and Laura Cox of Ringgold in conversation with CCC’s Chris Kenneally, Business Development Director to find out what a business-minded application that serves all stakeholders could mean to the bottom line for you, and your partners too.
  • The Arts+: Frankfurt isn’t just about books these days, and The Arts+ is the place to find out what the future of the creative industries looks like. Great sessions on the interplay between tech and creativity are promised.

Exhibitors to visit:

  • IPR License: Hall 4.2, Stand E19
  • Guest of Honor 2017: France: Hall F.1 Stand A1
  • Copyright Clearance Center: Hall 4.2 Stand E18

 

We’ll see you at the Frankfurt Book Fair, 10-15 October 2017.

Join Us at the Hot Spots, Location: Hall 4.2 N99

Knowledge Engineering: The New Business-Value Accelerator in the Digital Transformation Journey Add to your calendar app: Wednesday, 11 October, 11:00–11:30

Open Access Master Class: University APCs  Add to your calendar app: Thursday, 12 October, 15:00–15:30

Visit Us at Hall 4.2, Stand E18

Book a Meeting with the team

Tweet with Us@copyrightclear#cccfrankfurt#fbm17

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Understanding Text Mining: 4 Need-to-Know Terms and Their Definitions http://www.copyright.com/blog/understanding-text-mining-4-need-know-terms-definitions/ http://www.copyright.com/blog/understanding-text-mining-4-need-know-terms-definitions/#respond Tue, 03 Oct 2017 06:03:26 +0000 http://www.copyright.com/?post_type=blog_post&p=14353 Text mining offers many benefits, but the technology is complex. Discover the four terms your team needs to know to gain maximum insights.

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As the use of text mining becomes more widespread, now is the time for information managers to make sure they understand the basics.

Text mining, the process of deriving high-quality information from text materials using software, helps researchers identify patterns or relations between concepts that would otherwise be difficult to discern. The result is faster discovery and smarter decision-making.

Looking for a place to start? Here are four key text mining terms every information manager should know:

XML

Short for Extensible Markup Language, XML is an information exchange standard designed to improve usability, especially when the data is interpreted by software. In other words, it is a more readily machine-readable version of a document. XML tends to be the preferred input method for semantic or text and data mining technology, as well as other processing software.

When acquiring full-text articles, researchers are usually able to access only PDF format, necessitating conversion into XML for text mining, This can be an arduous and error-prone process.

Semantic enrichment

Semantic enrichment describes the process of adding a layer of meaning to raw content. This enhancement of content with information about its meaning thereby adds structure to unstructured information, making the content easier to synthesize and process further. For example, a scientific article can be enriched by adding in-line annotations or tags describing the genotypes/phenotypes, diseases, drugs, mechanisms of action, and other biomedical concepts mentioned within. Semantic enrichment is a key enabler of the various strategic initiatives undertaken by informatics and information management professionals.

White Paper: Semantic Enrichment & The Information Manager

TDM rights

Content is associated with a variety of rights. Information management professionals and librarians will be familiar with copyright licensing, reproduction rights organizations, and other frameworks and organizations that enable content consumers to use, share, and disseminate information while respecting copyright.

As may be expected, there are a number of copyright-sensitive acts that go hand-in-hand with the text and data mining (TDM) process. Content may be copied, stored, annotated or enriched, and otherwise scanned to produce a useable research output. In most cases, commercial TDM rights are not included in standard subscription agreements. Publishers may make a standard or special set of ‘TDM rights’ available as part of their subscription agreements, or as additional incremental rights.

Machine learning

Machine learning can be an approach to synthesize raw or semantically enriched content to yield insights.

Machines can be instructed to process information in many ways. One way is to apply strict rules that attempt to cover every instance that is likely to come up. For instance, one rule might be: when A is the input, B is always the output. But while this is simple in theory and easy for humans to understand, it can be difficult to maintain, scale, and capture value from this process in practice.

Machine learning is another way for machines to process information. In this case, the system is ‘trained’ by way of example, rather than given rules. For example, a system that is meant to classify images into either pictures of humans or pictures of cats would be given a set of images and told they are humans, and another set and told they are cats. From there, the system can move on to classifying other images, with feedback being given continually. It is through this feedback that the system is able to constantly adjust to improve its classification ability and yield greater insights.

Text mining and semantic enrichment are increasingly being used as data processing techniques to enable machine learning programs. Here are a few examples of how machine learning is helping the industry to evolve.

 

Want to learn more? Text mining enables researchers to deliver valuable insights based on relevant data. Find out about XML for Mining and more about what your team needs to know about text mining.

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2 Big Takeaways for Information Managers from the 2017 State of BI and Predictive Analytics Report http://www.copyright.com/blog/2-big-takeaways-for-information-managers-from-the-2017-state-of-bi-and-predictive-analytics-report/ http://www.copyright.com/blog/2-big-takeaways-for-information-managers-from-the-2017-state-of-bi-and-predictive-analytics-report/#respond Fri, 29 Sep 2017 07:41:25 +0000 http://www.copyright.com/?post_type=blog_post&p=14303 How, when, and why are organizations using business intelligence tools? A look inside Dresner Advisory Services' 2017 Advanced and Predictive Analytics Market Study.

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Before planning the future of your information center, you need to understand the past. While not a crystal ball, predictive analytics help organizations forecast future events by finding patterns and trends in historical data. With this type of information more readily available than ever before, understanding the past has become much easier.

Deciphering how predictive analytics and business intelligence (BI) impact organizations is the subject of a recent report published by Dresner Advisory Services. 2017 Advanced and Predictive Analytics Market Study comprises 90 pages of in-depth market analysis, examining evolving user perceptions and future capabilities.

How, when, and why business intelligence is being used

An article in Forbes identifies key points from this global report, which is based on insights from more than 3,000 organizations. Here’s a look at the takeaways information managers should know, as they look to utilize data to tell their content ROI story.

End-user self-service is a top priority 

When it comes to advanced analytics, perhaps unsurprisingly, BI experts, business analysts, statisticians and data scientists are the most frequent users. Just over 60% of data scientists and statisticians reported using these tools either constantly or often. At the other end of the table, executives and third-party consultants were found to use the technology the least.

Remember: Just because executives aren’t working with BI technology, doesn’t mean they’re not utilizing the data found within it. Many times, information managers must compile and analyze data, and bring forth the most important trends or insights to upper management. In these situations, having a clear understanding of what your stakeholders will want and need to see is critical.

Learn more: Defending Content Spend – Make Sure You Involve the Right People

Reporting capabilities and dashboards are “must-haves”

It’s still early days for many of the technologies driving BI and predictive analytics, but the study revealed that companies are acknowledging their importance for future growth and are investing accordingly.

The top two priorities for enterprises planning to utilize BI data are reporting capabilities and dashboards; 80% of respondents consider these to be “critical” or “very important.” Within dashboards, end users can organize the data they find most valuable, making it easier to showcase to stakeholders and other departments within the organization.

Data mining, data discovery and data storytelling also featured highly, with more than 40% of respondents deeming them as critical or very important.

Additional takeaways:

Scalability: Regarding predictive analytics and business intelligence platforms, in-memory and in-database analytics come out on top, with more than 80% of respondents considering them to be important.

Features of analytics technology: The study also revealed that organizations are basing their BI initiatives on features within the technology. Around 80% of respondents rank regression models, textbook statistical functions, and hierarchical clustering as the most important features. Given less importance are text analytics functions and sentiment analysis (less than 70%), and ensemble learning (less than 60%).

 

As the volume of data continues to grow, so too does investment in advanced analytics tools, data scientists, and their ongoing skills training.

Not sure how analytics could help your information center? See if you can answer the following 5 Questions Every Information Manager Should Be Able To Answer

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Join CCC at NFAIS 2017 Open Access Conference http://www.copyright.com/blog/join-ccc-nfais-2017-open-access-conference/ http://www.copyright.com/blog/join-ccc-nfais-2017-open-access-conference/#respond Thu, 28 Sep 2017 08:00:26 +0000 http://www.copyright.com/?post_type=blog_post&p=14315 Explore the open business model through the lens of multidimensional disruption at NFAIS 2017 Open Access Conference.

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Join CCC’s Christopher Kenneally, Business Development Director, at the National Federation of Advanced Information Services (NFAIS) 2017 Open Access Conference on October 2-3, 2017 in Old Town Alexandria, VA. On the opening day, Chris will explore the challenges presented to publishers and authors when funders and academic institutions issue mandates and otherwise raise the level of their involvement in the manuscript submission workflow.

As Open Access models have evolved and become more complex – particularly around Article Processing Charges (APCs) – publishers and authors have been left to their own devices to sort out the table stakes of license requirements, VAT, and compliance mandates. Institutional arrangements for paying APCs, sometimes connected to large subscription deals, add further strain to the workflow. To combat these challenges, each stakeholder in the OA publishing ecosystem must have a seat at the table. Chris will share his take on what’s needed to bring order to the chaos.

Don’t miss his presentation, “Take a Seat at the Table: All OA Stakeholders Welcome” during the panel Managing Open Access – Workflows and Pain Points on Monday, October 2 from 4:10 to 5:30 PM.

Stay connected to the conversation by following @NFAISForum and @CopyrightClear on Twitter.

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Frankfurt Book Fair “Hot Spot” Presentations Highlight Digital Transformation Journey http://www.copyright.com/blog/frankfurt-book-fair-hot-spot-presentations-highlight-digital-transformation-journey/ http://www.copyright.com/blog/frankfurt-book-fair-hot-spot-presentations-highlight-digital-transformation-journey/#respond Thu, 21 Sep 2017 08:00:27 +0000 http://www.copyright.com/?post_type=blog_post&p=14229 Join Us at the FBF Hot Spots in Hall 4.2 N99, and visit our booth Hall 4.2, Stand E18.

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For all its celebration of literature, science, and creative expression, Frankfurt Book Fair in 2017 can often feel like a technology business trade show. Software vendors tout a myriad of solutions for digital transformation, from facilitating collaboration on a global scale to delivering analytic insights from deep within big data.

In Hall 4.2, technology vendors take their turn in the spotlight at a series of 30-minute “hot spot” presentations targeting scientific and technical publishers. Coming up in October, Copyright Clearance Center and its subsidiary Ixxus host a pair of these hot spots. CCC’s Chuck Hemenway provides a preview for both events in a special edition of the Beyond the Book podcast. (The transcript is available here.)

CCC delivers solutions for accelerating global access to knowledge in Frankfurt.

 On Wednesday, 11 October, at 11:00, Ixxus presents, “Knowledge Engineering: The New Business Value Accelerator in the Digital Transformation Journey.”

“This really pertains to the journey of digital transformation,” notes Hemenway. “Everybody’s talked about it – we all need to transform our businesses. Knowledge engineering is a simple extension of that thinking – getting at the real assets that are locked up inside data and mastering the tools of mining, analytics and semantic enrichment required to get there.”

On Thursday, 12 October at 3:00 PM (1500) CCC offers, “An Open Access master class for publishers – University APCs.”

As Hemenway tells it, “We started out this OA journey a few years ago, working from the publisher end because that’s where it’s the most critical to have these new functionalities. Now, we’re building up from that foundation to meet the institutions where they are, and the funders where they are, to let them get access to that shared data and to have approval workflows that for years they’ve been asking for.”

We’ll see you at the Frankfurt Book Fair, 10-15 October 2017.

Join Us at the Hot Spots, Location: Hall 4.2 N99

Knowledge Engineering: The New Business-Value Accelerator in the Digital Transformation Journey Add to your calendar app: Wednesday, 11 October, 11:00–11:30

Open Access Master Class: University APCs  Add to your calendar app: Thursday, 12 October, 15:00–15:30

Visit Us at Hall 4.2, Stand E18

Book a Meeting with the team

Tweet with Us @copyrightclear #cccfrankfurt #fbm17

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